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Genealogy for
Thomas Houston Alexander 



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Thomas Houston Alexander
4/1809 - 1/10/1905
Thomas Houston Alexander was born on an unknown day in April 1809 somewhere in Kentucky and died on January 10, 1905 in Providence, Alabama. He lived to be 95 years old.

He married Caroline Braiser (1824-1889). Second marriage to Sarah (unknown) prior to 1900. He had nine children:
  1. Erastus Huntley (1846-1921)
  2. Sarah (1850-?)
  3. John Wesley (1852-1910)
  4. Nancy Ann (1856-?)
  5. Mary Melissa (1858-?)
  6. Andrew (1860-1942)
  7. Jane (1862-?)
  8. Samatha (1864-?)
  9. Martha Melvania (1865-1950)
He and his family moved from Kentucky to Alabama around or before 1850. Alabama was admitted as a state when he was 10 years old, however, the removal of Seminole/Creek Indian was still going on while he was in his early 20s and 30s. He may have taken advantage of the 1862 Homestead Act providing cheap land for settlement of the lower Southeastern US. When he was 51 years old, Abraham Lincolin was elected president and the Civil War began a few years later. Burial in Macedonia Church Cemetery in Pickens Co AL.
Census6/28/1860 Southern Division AL (Lawrence County) 51 yrs old 
This information, while true, may NOT apply to our Thomas Alexander.  SLAVE SCHEDULE: Thomas Alexander owns one 10 year old black female slave. 
Census8/31/1870 Henry AL (Pickens County) 61 yrs old 
Dwelling #34, Family #34: The household of T Alexander (age 56) consists of Caroline (age 46), Sarah (20), John (17), Ann (17), Mary (13), Dina (10), Jane (8), Samantha (6), and Melvina (age 3). Thomas is a farmer and his oldest son is a farm hand. He estimates the value of his real estate to be $200 and personal property to be $300. He was born in Kentucky and Caroline was born in South Carolina. All of the children were born in AL.  
Other12/1/1886 Oxford AL  77 yrs old 
This information, while true, may NOT apply to our Thomas Alexander.  Alabama tax records for March - December 1886: Thomas Alexander (Oxford Post Office Address) pays $11.64 in taxes for Cotton. Rate of tax is 34 and amount of tax upon particular artical (cotton) is $11.64. The quantity or valuation is 388.  
Census6/8/1900 Providence AL ( Pickens County) 91 yrs old 
Dwelling #79, Family #82: Drew Alxander (white male, age 40, born March 1860, married); Sarah (wife, age 33, born Feb 1867); Elizabeth (daughter, age 12, born Dec 1887); Josephas (son, age 8, born Jun 1891); Sarah M (daughter, age 6, born Nov 1893); Mandy L (daughter, age 5, born Mar 1895); William L (son, age 1 month, born Apr 1900); and Thomas H (father, age 91, born Apr 1809, widower). Sarah and Drew have been married 17 years. Sarah has given birth to 8 children and 5 are still living. Drew was born in AL and his father was born in Kentucky and his mother in South Carolina. Sarah was born in AL as were her parents. Thomas says both of his parents were born in Kentucky. All of the adults can read and speak English. Only Sarah, Elizabeth and Josephas can write. Elizabeth and Josephas attended school for 3 months during the prior year. 

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Click on any of the News, Events, or Discoveries buttons above to see historical things that happened during Thomas Alexander's life. These are only some of the major events that affected the life and times of Thomas, his family, and friends. For example, Thomas is 2 years old when By 1811 the new "Federal Road" (which started as a horse path) is filled with a steady flow of white settlers into Creek Indian Territories. The Spanish begin to fan hostile sentiments among the Indians.
2 1811 Tecumseh visits the Creek Indians living in what will become Georgia and Alabama to try to persuade them to join his fight against the flood of white settlers. Some towns join forces with Tecumseh and become known as "Red Sticks".
3 1812 The Creek tribes in southern Alabama and Georgia find themselves under increasing pressure from white settlers. Led by Chief Weatherford, they accepted an alliance with Tecumseh and are nicknamed "Red Sticks".
4 1813 During 1813-14, Muskogee-speaking Creeks leave AL and move into areas in Northern FL in response to the Creek Civil War (also known as the Red-sticks War).
4 1813 Two battles begin the Creek Indian War: (1) Fort Mims Massacre - Fort Mims is attacked on August 13 by the Red Sticks while the inhabitants are eating their noon meal. The massacre brings an immediate response from the whites and soldiers are recruited from Tennessee, Georgia and other territories, and (2) The Battle of Holy Ground on December 1813.
5 1814 Battle at Horseshoe Bend on March 27, leaves the Creek Red Sticks scattered and unorganized. Those that survive the battle flee south into northern Florida and band together as the Seminoles. Red Eagle (Billy Weatherford) surrenders to General Andrew Jackson at Fort Jackson later in the year.
5 1814 The Treaty of Fort Jackson is finalized on August 9, 1814. William Weatherford (Red Eagle) surrenders to Gen. Andrew Jackson and cede their lands to the federal government. This opens approximately half of present-day AL to white settlement.
8 1817 Alabama Territory is created when Congress passes an act to divide the Mississippi Territory and admit it into the union as a state. Alabama will remain a territory for two more years.
10 1819 Alabama admitted to the United States
26 1835 Alabama gold rush begins in the east-centrl hill country.
28 1837 The Second Creek war begins in 1836. In 1837 The Battle of Hobdy's Bridge becomes the last indian battle in AL.
31 1840 Alabama reports a total population of 590,756 on the 1940 Federal Census. This includes 335,185 whites, 255,571 blacks, 253,532 slaves, zero Native Americans, and others.
41 1850 State population=771,623. The 1850 Federal Census reveals the White population=426,514; African-American population=345,109; Slave population=342,844; Free black population=2,265; Urban population=35,179; Rural population=736,444; Cotton production in bales=564,429; Corn production in bushels=28,754,048; Number of manufacturing establishments=1,026.
5 1814 The first locomotive engine was created by Stephenson
21 1830 The first railroad is constructed between Liverpool and Manchester, England
30 1839 Goodyear invents vulcanized rubber, opening the door for tires and other rubber products.
35 1844 The first telegraph message is sent by Morse, who later invents the Mores Code
44 1853 The process of creating steel is invented by Besermer in Britain and Kelly in the U.S.
47 1856 The first Neanderthal fossils are found near Germany
50 1859 Charles Darwin publishes "Origin of Species" and begins the evolution theory.
56 1865 Mendel publishes his papers on genetics and introduces the concept to the public.
60 1869 Cro-magnon Man fossils are found in France
68 1877 Edison invents the phonograph permitting music and voices to be recorded and replayed.
70 1879 Edison invents the electric light bulb.
80 1889 The first calculating machine is invented and uses punch cards
86 1895 Wireless telegraph and the "antenna" are invented but it covers a very short distance.
88 1897 First ship to shore message is sent using an improved form of wireless telegraph
91 1900 The cause of yellow fever is discovered. It is proven that the fever is spread by mosquitoes. This rallies an effort to provide better mosquito control.
91 1900 Freud publishes his book "The Interpretation of Dreams"
92 1901 First transatlantic wireless telegraph is sent.
93 1902 The first Tyrannosaurus Rex fossil is discovered.
94 1903 Wright Brothers complete the first successful flight with an airplane at Kitty Hawk
95 1904 The first vacuum tube diode is invented by Fleming
2 1811 NEWS HEADLINES: Tecumseh's emerging Indian Confederacy is defeated at the Battle of Tippecanoe in Ohio. Afterwards, Tecumseh and his brother travel from their Shawnee homes in the north to recruit and unify the southern Indians.
3 1812 NEWS HEADLINES: War of 1812 begins and will continue for until 1814. Some call it the Second War of Independence because the US fights Great Britain to a stalemate, Americas independence was assured.
19 1828 Gold is discovered in Georgia.
25 1834 July 9 - The S.S. John Randolph, the first successful iron steamship, is launched in Savannah
52 1861 NEWS HEADLINES: American Civil war begins at Ft. Sumter, located in Charleston Harbor, VA.
53 1862 NEWS HEADLINES: May 20, 1862 the US government passes the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for settlement of lower Southeast and West.
73 1882 NEWS HEADLINES: Edison creates the first large power station in New York City, making it the first place in America to have electricity.
76 1885 NEWS HEADLINES: Eastman invents the box camera. For the first time photography becomes affordable for the average citizen.
2 1811 By 1811 the new "Federal Road" (which started as a horse path) is filled with a steady flow of white settlers into Creek Indian Territories. The Spanish begin to fan hostile sentiments among the Indians.
11 1820 The Act of April 24, 1820 abolished the land purchase credit system, fixed the price of public lands at $1.25 per acre, and set the minimum purchase at 80 acres. After a person purchased land, a final certificate was issued by the land office and sent to Washington DC to be verified and signed by the President -- a time consuming process. Public lands were most typically available through US treaties with Indians who agreed to be removed from their homelands.
21 1830 Indian Removal Act signed and the moving of eastern Indians west of the Mississippi begins.
26 1835 Second Seminole Indian War begins.
28 1837 The trickery used to capture Seminole Indian Chief Osceola (Assi Yohola) creates a public uproar and U.S. General Jesup is publicly condemned.
31 1840 Oregon Trail is established
33 1842 Second Seminole Indian War ends and thousands of Seminole Indians are forced to move west of the Mississippi.
46 1855 Third Seminole Indian War begins. It ends three years later when Chief Billy Bowlegs and his band are forced to move from Florida.
51 1860 Presidential election puts Abraham Lincoln in office. The campaign has heated the issues regarding slavery in the south.
53 1862 May 20, 1862 the US government passes the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for settlement of lower Southeast and West.
54 1863 Abraham Lincoln issues the "Emancipation Proclamation" freeing slaves.
56 1865 American Civil war ends with General Lee's surrender at Appomattox, VA. Reconstruction begins in the "old South"
59 1868 An eight-hour work day is established for federal employees.
66 1875 Tennessee enacts Jim Crow law.
67 1876 The National League of Baseball is founded
24 1833 Santa Anna is elected President of Mexico

Caroline Braiser
Born about 1824 and died about 1889
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The Children of Thomas Houston Alexander

Andrew (Drew) Alexander
Born in Pickens County, Alabama on March 12, 1860 and died in Pickens County, Alabama on December 5, 1942. He was 82 years old.

Married Eudora Amanda (Dora) Woolbright in Pickens County AL on 12/20/1883. They had seven children:
  1. Mattie (1886-?)
  2. Elizabeth Eugenia (1887-1964)
  3. Joseph...
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84 years old
Martha Melvina Alexander
Born in Pickens County, Alabama on September 18, 1866 and died in Itawamba County, Mississippi on May 15, 1951. She was 84 years old.

She was called Mattie. She married Henry Jefferson Owens on February 6, 1894.
She is buried at Mt. Pleasant Cemetery, Itawamba County, MS (Baptist)....
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