Samuel J. Nixon
|About Samuel J. Nixon|
Samuel J. Nixon was born about 1813 somewhere in Georgia and died about 1885 in an unknown place. Actual date of death is unknown. He lived to be about 72 years old.
Samuel J. Nixon
1813 - 1885
|Census||8/7/1820 ||GA (Wilkinson County) ||7 yrs old |
| page 24- Samuel Nison - two Males - Under 10,
one Males - 10 thru 15,
one Males - 26 thru 44,
two Females - Under 10,
one Females - 26 thru 44 |
|Additional information about Wilkinson County, GA around 1820: Created in 1803 from newly acquired lands ceded by the Creek Indians in 1802 and increased in 1805. Later, this area is divided to form Laurens, Telfair, and Twiggs counties.|| |
|Census||1/1/1830 ||GA (Dooly County) ||17 yrs old |
|page 7, line 6 -Robert Nixon - one male (40-50) and one female (40-50)|
line 10 -Honor Nixon - one male under 5, one male (15-20), one female (10-15)
line 17 -Samuel Nixon - one male (5-10), one male (10-15), two males (15-20), one male (20-30), one male (40-50), one female under 5, one female (10-15), one female (20-30) and one female (40-50).
line 27 - Cofield Knight - one male (10-15), one male (15-20), one female (5-10), one female (15-20) and one female (40-50).
|Other||12/10/1833 ||GA (Dooly County) ||20 yrs old |
| Creek Indian Letters Talks and Treaties 1705-1839Compiled by John B Wilson, Sec of State Original Manuscripts in Georgia Department of Archives WPA project, p1175|
Irwin County December 1833
To the Commander in Chief of this State.
We the citizens of the county of Irwin and Dooly wish to make our complaint to your Excellency with respect to our treatment by the Chattahoochee Indians and look up to you for protection we are daily insulted and imposed on by these retched intruders. They have been now for about five months ravaging the woods killing our Cattle and hogs and robbing our fields of our corn peas and potatoes and sugar cane and has carried it on to a great access. Too much to be borne with and yesterday we raised a small company to drive them away and we went after them as quick as we advanced in sight of them they raised a yell and fired eight or ten guns. We then became alarmed and turned to go from them when they followed after us screaming and fired another platoon in all this we had not fired a g. They did us nor our no injury they killed and wounded several of our dogs and we narrowly escaped for their bullets they made the bark fly off the trees all around us there was only fourteen of us and we suppose there was near twenty Indians but could not tell as they were in a branch. We now look up to your Excellency for protection as it is in your power to adopt some measure to keep such intruders from amongst us. As we wish to support justice and honesty. We have not yet gone beyond the law but we cannot suffer such impositions much longer. We have good reasons to believe that the citizens of this vicinity has been injured one hundred dollars or more in the course of five months. We have for a considerable time endeavored to suppress such rudeness on moderate terms and if there cannot be measures taken according to law to detect such depredations we shall be forced to shoot them down where ever we find them.
For the satisfaction of your Excellency we will make proof of this matter by the affidavit of some of the company and if we thought it necessary we could qualify the whole company to which we will add our names and certified by a Justice of the Peace that was in company Georgia
Irwin County Personally appeared before me Jonathan Smith a Justice of the Peace for said county Samuel Story and after being sworn saith that on the eight day of this Inst. him and other went to order a party of Indians of and when they came in sight of them they began to hallow and to shoot and continued on till they fired something like thirty times and in all that time we never fired a gun Sworn to and signed before me this 9th December 1833
Samuel A. (his mark) Story Senior Jonathan Smith J. P. Georgia Irwin County
Personally appeared before me Jonathan Smith a Justice of the Peace for said county Seaborn Taylor and after being sworn saith that on the eight day of this Inst. him and others went to order a party of Indians of and when they came in sight of them they began to hallow and to shoot and continued on till they fired something like thirty times and in all that time we never fired a gun.
Sworn to and signed before me this 9th December 1833Seaborn x (his mark) Taylor Jonathan Smith, J. P. We believe this to be sufficient for the satisfaction of the mind of your Excellency and leave the matter with you whether we must be thus imposed on or whether you will defend our rights we have been intruded upon by these savage villains for some length of time but not in such an insulting manner as this which is too much to be borne with we will now record the names of the men that was thus insulted to wit
Samuel Story Sr.
John S. Jerkins
Samuel Story Jr
Richard Story Jr.
J. P. S. The way we came to know these Indians is from Chattahoochee Mr. Samuel Story and Jerkins met with one on the 4th Inst. and he told them he was from Chattahoochee and being asked how many there was out he said heap Indians hunting and said his name was Peter. Reverse side of letter Jonathan Smith Et All
Dec. 10, 1833
|Census||1/1/1840 ||GA (Lee County) ||27 yrs old |
| page 27,line 1 -Samuel Nixon - 2 - Males (5 thru 9),
1 - Males (10 thru 14),
2 - Males (15 thru 19),
1 - Males (50 thru 59),
1 - Females (Under 5),
1- Females (5 thru 9),
2 - Females (40 thru 49). |
|Marriage||12/24/1840 ||GA (Bibb County) ||27 yrs old |
| Name: Samuel Nixon,
Spouse: Rosa Ann Rye,
Marriage Date: Dec.24 1840,
Marriage County: Bibb,
Marriage State: Georgia |
|Census||6/26/1860 ||Precinct 3 AL (Coffee County) ||47 yrs old |
|303- Samuel Nixon (age 47),
Vina Nixon (30),
James Nixon (21),
Samuel Nixon (16),
John Nixon (12),
Ellen Nixon (10),
Mary C. Nixon (8),
Robert Nixon (6),
Sabitha S. Nixon (2),
Mahala Nixon (14),
Ledica Nixon (18). Samuel and James born in GA, Vina born in SC, all others in AL. Samuel is a farmer, his estate is valued at $800 and personal at $600. |
|Other||12/27/1862 ||FL (Calhoun County) ||50 yrs old |
|From a tax book - page 9 -Received in office December the 27 1862|
R. W. Nixon Treser of Calhoun County
January the 20 1863
Received of R S Jones one order given in faver
Joel pate for cents .80
Received of R S Jones fifteen dollars $15.00
R W Nixon ???? Treasure
March the 2 1863
Received of R S Jones $506
March the 2 1863
Recived of Samuel J. Nixon $10
March the 2 1863
Receved of Mary B. Wade $52
March the 2 1863
Received of J. N. Richards cash $300.00,
one order in favor of J. F. Richards $8,
one in favor of T. H. Yon for $2,
one order in favor of Levi Yon $20,
one order in favor of T. H. Yon $45,
one order in favor of J. W. Selmen $4 .70,
one order in favor James B. Stone $8 .18,
one order in favor of H. K. Doles $1 .80,
one order in favor of H. K. Doles $2 .30
|Census||1/1/1880 ||FL (Jackson County) ||67 yrs old |
|299-Samuel Nixon (age 67),
Vinty Nixon (52),
Sally Nixon (19),
Henry Nixon (16)and
(granddaughter)Mary Nixon (4). Samuel was born in GA, his parents in SC. Vinty was born in SC, as were here parents. Sally and Mary were born in AL, Henry in GA. Samuel is a farmer, Henry is a farm laborer, Vinty keeps house. |
|Additional information about Jackson County, FL around 1880: Click here to see a map from this timeperiod. || |
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Samuel Nixon's life. These are only some of the major events that affected the life and times of
Samuel, his family, and friends. For example, Samuel is 7 years old when The Act of April 24, 1820 abolished the land purchase credit system, fixed the price of public lands at $1.25 per acre, and set the minimum purchase at 80 acres. After a person purchased land, a final certificate was issued by the land office and sent to Washington DC to be verified and signed by the President -- a time consuming process. Public lands were most typically available through US treaties with Indians who agreed to be removed from their homelands.
||First Seminole war begins as Georgia backwoodsmen attack Indians just north of the Florida border. !817-1818. General Andrew Jackson invades the area.
||Rabun County formed.
||December 20 - Campbell and Randolph Counties formed.
||May 15 - Dooly, Fayette, Henry, Houston, Monroe and Newton Counties formed.
||December 9 - Bibb, Dekalb and Pike Counties formed.
||December 8 - Decatur County formed.
||December 15 - Upson and Ware Counties formed.
||Baker, Lowndes, Thomas, Butts and Taliaferro Counties formed.
||January 24 - Treaty of Washington abrogates Treaty of Indian Springs. The Creeks cede a smaller area and are allowed to remain on their lands until January 1, 1826.
||December 14, - Harris, Marion, Meriwether and Talbot.
||Cherokee, Heard, and Stewrt Counties are formed.
||Sumter County is formed.
||December 3 - Bartow, Cobb, Crawford, Floyd, Forsyth, Gilmer, Lumpkin, Murray, Paulding, and Union Counties formed.
||Walker County is formed.
||Seminoles massacre Major Francis L. Dade and his 103 man command. This starts the second Seminole War.
February - Battle of Hitchity.
March 27 - Colonel J.W. Fannin and his Georgian's executed by order of Santa Ana at Goliad on Palm Sunday.
July - Battle of Brushy Creek.
July 3 - Battle of Chickasawachee Swamp.
July 27 - Battle of Echowanochaway Creek.
||Mcon and Dade Counties are formed.
||Chattooga County formed
||Atlanta, Georgia is incorporated. Formally Marthasville
||Gordon and Clinch Counties are formed.
||Clay, Howell, Polk, Spalding, and Whitfield Counties are formed.
||Taylor County formed.
||Catoosa, Pickens, Hart, Dougherty, Webster, Flton, and Worth Counties aare creaated.
||Fannin, Coffee, Chattahooche, Charlton, and Calhoun Counties formed.
||Haralson, Terrell, Berrien, Colquit, Miller, and Towns Counties formed.
||Dawson, Milton, Pierce, Glascock, Mitchell, Schley, White, and Wilcox Counties formed.
||Clayton, Quitman, Banks, Brooks, Johnson, and Echols Counties formed.
||Douglas, McDuffie, Rockdale, and Dodge Counties formed.
||Oconee County formed.
||The first locomotive engine was created by Stephenson
||The first railroad is constructed between Liverpool and Manchester, England
||Goodyear invents vulcanized rubber, opening the door for tires and other rubber products.
||The first telegraph message is sent by Morse, who later invents the Mores Code
||The process of creating steel is invented by Besermer in Britain and Kelly in the U.S.
||The first Neanderthal fossils are found near Germany
||Charles Darwin publishes "Origin of Species" and begins the evolution theory.
||Mendel publishes his papers on genetics and introduces the concept to the public.
||Cro-magnon Man fossils are found in France
||Edison invents the phonograph permitting music and voices to be recorded and replayed.
||Edison invents the electric light bulb.
||Gold is discovered in Georgia.
||July 9 - The S.S. John Randolph, the first successful iron steamship, is launched in Savannah
||NEWS HEADLINES: American Civil war begins at Ft. Sumter, located in Charleston Harbor, VA.
||NEWS HEADLINES: May 20, 1862 the US government passes the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for settlement of lower Southeast and West.
||NEWS HEADLINES: Edison creates the first large power station in New York City, making it the first place in America to have electricity.
||NEWS HEADLINES: Eastman invents the box camera. For the first time photography becomes affordable for the average citizen.
||The Act of April 24, 1820 abolished the land purchase credit system, fixed the price of public lands at $1.25 per acre, and set the minimum purchase at 80 acres. After a person purchased land, a final certificate was issued by the land office and sent to Washington DC to be verified and signed by the President -- a time consuming process. Public lands were most typically available through US treaties with Indians who agreed to be removed from their homelands.
||Indian Removal Act signed and the moving of eastern Indians west of the Mississippi begins.
||Second Seminole Indian War begins.
||The trickery used to capture Seminole Indian Chief Osceola (Assi Yohola) creates a public uproar and U.S. General Jesup is publicly condemned.
||Oregon Trail is established
||Second Seminole Indian War ends and thousands of Seminole Indians are forced to move west of the Mississippi.
||Third Seminole Indian War begins. It ends three years later when Chief Billy Bowlegs and his band are forced to move from Florida.
||Presidential election puts Abraham Lincoln in office. The campaign has heated the issues regarding slavery in the south.
||May 20, 1862 the US government passes the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for settlement of lower Southeast and West.
||Abraham Lincoln issues the "Emancipation Proclamation" freeing slaves.
||American Civil war ends with General Lee's surrender at Appomattox, VA. Reconstruction begins in the "old South"
||An eight-hour work day is established for federal employees.
||Tennessee enacts Jim Crow law.
||The National League of Baseball is founded
||Santa Anna is elected President of Mexico
|The Children of Samuel J. Nixon|
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