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Gertrude  Schmelzer 



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Gertrude Schmelzer
8/27/1837 - 2/28/1905
Gertrude Schmelzer was born on August 27, 1837 in an unknown place overseas in Prussia and died on February 28, 1905 in Detriot, Michigan. Actual date of death is unknown. She lived to be about 67 years old.

Immigration5/18/1857 NY  19 yrs old 
Gertrude (age 18), Peter (age 20), and Anna Maria (age 16) Schmelzer arrived on the Victoria on May 18, 1857. It lists Gertrude and her sister Anna Maria's occupation as a servant, and Peter's as a Farmer. They all left Germany headed for Detroit, MI. They came over in Storage. 
Marriage9/6/1859 MI (Wayne County) 22 yrs old 
Nicolaus G Michels and Gertrude Schmelzer were married on 9/6/1859 in Wayne County, Michigan. Found on Ancestry: Dodd, Jordan, Liahona Research, comp.. Michigan Marriages, 1851-75 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2000. Original data: See Description for original data sources listed by county. 
Census7/10/1860 Hamtramck MI (Wayne County) 22 yrs old 
Dwelling 422, Family 422: Nicholas Michels (age 28), Gertrude Michels (age 22), and Mary Michels (age 2 months). Nicholas is listed as being a farm hand, while Gertrude is a house wife. The value of their personal estate is $40. Nicholas and Gertrude where born in Germany while Mary was born in Michigan. Nicholas can read and write. 
Census7/19/1870 Hamtramck MI (Wayne County) 32 yrs old 
Dwelling Number 481; Family number 470: Nicholas Michels (age 38), Getrude Michels (age 33), Mary (10), Clara (8), Joseph (6), Getrude (4), Mathilda (2), and Peter (Aug 186910 months). The census states the families home is worth $4,000 and their belongings at $400. Nicholas was born in Luxembourg, while Gertrude was born in Prussia. All the children were born in Michigan. the 3 oldest children have been attending school. 
Census6/2/1900 Detroit Ward 17 MI (Wayne County) 62 yrs old 
Dwelling Number 20; Family Number 20: Gertrude Michels (age 62, Aug 1837, widowed), Anna Michels (age 25, Dec 1874), Anthony N Michels (age 23, Dec 1876), Frank P Michels (age 21, Mar 1878), Gertude is now widowed one of her daughters a 3 of her sons and daughter in law are living with her in her farm she owns free with two farm hands helping. Gertrude says she has had 10 children and all are surviving. Gertrude and her parents were born in Germany, while Anna, Anthony, and Frank were born in Michigan, while both of their parent had been born in Germeny. Anna is working as a Seamstress Anthony a grocer and Frank a Bartender. The family can all read, write and speak English. Gertrude has been in the US since 1860, so for 40 years. Frank has been in school for 3 months.

Family number 21: Nicholaus Michels (age 28, Aug 1871) Henriette C (Weins) Michels (age 22, Jul 1877, daughter-in-law), ?ugene N Michels (age 3, Feb 1897), and Cardillie M Michels (age 2, Mar 1898). Henriette or Hattie and Nicholaus have been married for 4 years and Hattie has had 2 children and both are surviving. Nicholaus was born in Michigan while his parents were born in Germany. Hattie was born in Germany as were her parents, she came to the US in 1881 and has been her 18 years. Their children were all born in Michigan. Nicholaus is working as a Farmer. Nicholaus and Hattie both can read, write and speak English. They live on a Farm. 

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Click on any of the News, Events, or Discoveries buttons above to see historical things that happened during Gertrude Schmelzer's life. These are only some of the major events that affected the life and times of Gertrude, her family, and friends. For example, Gertrude is 3 years old when Oregon Trail is established
2 1839 Goodyear invents vulcanized rubber, opening the door for tires and other rubber products.
7 1844 The first telegraph message is sent by Morse, who later invents the Mores Code
16 1853 The process of creating steel is invented by Besermer in Britain and Kelly in the U.S.
19 1856 The first Neanderthal fossils are found near Germany
22 1859 Charles Darwin publishes "Origin of Species" and begins the evolution theory.
28 1865 Mendel publishes his papers on genetics and introduces the concept to the public.
32 1869 Cro-magnon Man fossils are found in France
40 1877 Edison invents the phonograph permitting music and voices to be recorded and replayed.
42 1879 Edison invents the electric light bulb.
52 1889 The first calculating machine is invented and uses punch cards
58 1895 Wireless telegraph and the "antenna" are invented but it covers a very short distance.
60 1897 First ship to shore message is sent using an improved form of wireless telegraph
63 1900 The cause of yellow fever is discovered. It is proven that the fever is spread by mosquitoes. This rallies an effort to provide better mosquito control.
63 1900 Freud publishes his book "The Interpretation of Dreams"
64 1901 First transatlantic wireless telegraph is sent.
65 1902 The first Tyrannosaurus Rex fossil is discovered.
66 1903 Wright Brothers complete the first successful flight with an airplane at Kitty Hawk
67 1904 The first vacuum tube diode is invented by Fleming
24 1861 NEWS HEADLINES: American Civil war begins at Ft. Sumter, located in Charleston Harbor, VA.
25 1862 NEWS HEADLINES: May 20, 1862 the US government passes the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for settlement of lower Southeast and West.
45 1882 NEWS HEADLINES: Edison creates the first large power station in New York City, making it the first place in America to have electricity.
48 1885 NEWS HEADLINES: Eastman invents the box camera. For the first time photography becomes affordable for the average citizen.
1 1838 The Patriot War saw Irish nationalists invade Canada from southeast Michigan.
3 1840 Douglass Houghton reported finding copper deposits on the Keweenaw Peninsula.
5 1842 Treaty of La Pointe is the last Native American land cession in Michigan
9 1846 Marji-Gesick, an Ojibwa Indian, pointed out a large deposit of iron ore to prospector Philo Everett near the present-day city of Negaunee.
10 1847 Under the leadership of Dr. Albertus van Raalte, Dutch Calvinist separatists founded Holland, Michigan in southwest Michigan. A law was passed by the State Legislature to re-locate the state capital from Detroit to a site "in the township of Lansing, in the county of Ingham."
17 1854 The first official meeting of the group that called itself the "Republican Party" was held in Jackson.
18 1855 Michigan State University is founded as the Agricultural College of the State of Michigan, becoming the first land grant university in the United States.
24 1861 Between 1861-1865 Michigan sends 90,000 men, nearly a quarter of the state's male population to fight in state regiments for American Civil War
34 1871 Fires burn Manistee and Holland
42 1879 New State Capitol dedicated in Lansing. The structure cost $1,510,130.
53 1890 Between 1890 and 1900, Ford, Chrysler and General Motors were among many automotive companies founded in southeastern Michigan.
3 1840 Oregon Trail is established
5 1842 Second Seminole Indian War ends and thousands of Seminole Indians are forced to move west of the Mississippi.
18 1855 Third Seminole Indian War begins. It ends three years later when Chief Billy Bowlegs and his band are forced to move from Florida.
23 1860 Presidential election puts Abraham Lincoln in office. The campaign has heated the issues regarding slavery in the south.
25 1862 May 20, 1862 the US government passes the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for settlement of lower Southeast and West.
26 1863 Abraham Lincoln issues the "Emancipation Proclamation" freeing slaves.
28 1865 American Civil war ends with General Lee's surrender at Appomattox, VA. Reconstruction begins in the "old South"
31 1868 An eight-hour work day is established for federal employees.
38 1875 Tennessee enacts Jim Crow law.
39 1876 The National League of Baseball is founded

Nicolaus Michels
Born on February 14, 1830 and died on February 25, 1898.
They were married 9/6/1859.

Click for more information about Nicolaus Michels.

The Children of Gertrude Schmelzer

Matilda Michels
Born in an unknown place on December 20, 1867 and died in an unknown location about 1968. She was about 100 years old.

Robert and Matilda had five children:
  • Matilda G (daughter, 1891),
  • Antoinette D (daughter, 1892),
  • Loyola Elizabeth(daughter, 1895),
  • Robert (son, 1897), and
  • Click for more information about Matilda Michels.
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