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Hilma  Whitehair 

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Hilma Whitehair
1896 - 1996
Hilma Whitehair was born about 1896 somewhere in West Virginia and died in an unknown year somewhere in Nebraska. Dates for birth and death are estimated.

She was a full-blood Indian from an unknown tribe. Her father may have used the name Whiteheni.
Marriage3/7/1913 Pottawattamie ID  17 yrs old 
F.E. Gillett and Helen Whitehair are marred in Pottawattamie, Iowa on March 7, 1913. Both are residents of Omaha, Nebraska. Helen says she is 20 years old (which means she was born about 1893), her parents are Alice Harris and James Whitehair, and that she was born in West Virgina (??). F.E. says he is 31 years old, born in Iowa, and that his parents are R.V. Gillett and Ida Davidson. Frank says he is a painter. 
Census1/6/1920 Omaha NE (Douglas County) 24 yrs old 
Recorded as family #3318: Frank Gillette (age 38), Helen (wife, age 25), Alice (daughter, age 7), Bernice (daughter, 5), Leonard (son, 4 yrs, 7 months), and Florence (daughter, 2 years, 1 month). Frank and Helen own their home and both can ready and write. The two oldest children have been attending school. Frank and his mother were born in Iowa and his father in Pennsylvania. Helen was born in West Virginia and both of her parents were born in Virginia. All of the children were born in Nebraska. Frank is employed as a house painter. Ida Gillette, her son Ray, and a 61 year old boarder, Florence Morsey, live in the next house.  
Census4/7/1930 Omaha NE (Douglas County) 34 yrs old 
Recorded as family #3318: Fred Gillette (age 49), Helen (wife, age 34), Bernice (daughter, age 16), Leonard (son, 14), Florence (daughter, 12), Hazel (daughter, 9), Edith (daughter, 5), Frankie L (son, age 3 yrs and 5 months), and Ruth (daughter, age 1 yr and 5 months). Fred owns his own home and estimates its value to be $1,500. He and Helen were 18 and 22 when they were first married. The children 14 years old through 5 years old have been attending school. All of the children were born in Nebraska. Frank and his father were born in Iowa, his mother in Ohio. Helen and her mother were born in West Virginia and her father was born in the United States. Everyone 9 years old and up can read and write. Frank and Helen are employed as a Propritor. Fred as a painter and paper hanger and Helen as an Ice Station owner. They do not live on a farm.  

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Click on any of the News, Events, or Discoveries buttons above to see historical things that happened during Hilma Whitehair's life. These are only some of the major events that affected the life and times of Hilma, her family, and friends. For example, Hilma is 13 years old when The National Association for Advancement of Colored People is formed (NAACP)
1 1897 First ship to shore message is sent using an improved form of wireless telegraph
4 1900 The cause of yellow fever is discovered. It is proven that the fever is spread by mosquitoes. This rallies an effort to provide better mosquito control.
4 1900 Freud publishes his book "The Interpretation of Dreams"
5 1901 First transatlantic wireless telegraph is sent.
6 1902 The first Tyrannosaurus Rex fossil is discovered.
7 1903 Wright Brothers complete the first successful flight with an airplane at Kitty Hawk
8 1904 The first vacuum tube diode is invented by Fleming
10 1906 Electrons are discovered by Thomson
10 1906 Kellogg sells the first box of Corn Flakes
10 1906 The triode vacuum tube is invented
16 1912 The unsinkable Titanic sinks on its first trip to New York drowning 1,513 people.
17 1913 Ford builds the first assembly line into his automobile production plant
18 1914 The first traffic lights (which is only red or green) are put up in America; Construction of the Panama Canal is completed
27 1923 Diphtheria vaccine is developed; Insulin is produced to treat diabetes
27 1923 Freud publishes "The Ego and the Id"
28 1924 Insecticides are used for the first time on crops
30 1926 Goddard launched the first liquid-fueled rocket
31 1927 The first television transmission was announced in England
32 1928 Big bang theory was introduced
40 1936 The first regular television broadcast happens in England
42 1938 Hahn, Strassmann, Meitner and Frisch discover nuclear fission
50 1946 The university of Pennsylvania develops the ENIAC computer, containing 18,000 vacuum tubes
51 1947 Researches at Bell Labs invent the first transistor
55 1951 The first color television is introduced in the U.S.
56 1952 The first sex-change surgery was performed to change George Jorgensen into Christine Jorgensen.
61 1957 Sputnik is launched by the Soviets and becomes the first artificial satellite to orbit the earth. It marks the beginning of the great "space race" between the Soviet Union and the U.S.
64 1960 The ruby laser was created by Maiman
66 1962 U.S. astronaut, John Glenn, orbits the earth
69 1965 The first "space walk" was completed by the Soviet Union
75 1971 The first unmanned spacecraft hit Mars and was launched by the Soviet Union
78 1974 Discovery of "Lucy" in Africa, an almost complete hominid skeleton over 3 million years old, only 3 and a half feet tall but having adult teeth, a small brain, walked upright
79 1975 Invention of the CAT scanner (computerized axial tomography)
83 1979 First "test tube baby" from artificial insemination
85 1981 AIDS is identified by scientist; The first reusable space shuttle, Columbia, is sent into space.
90 1986 Moments after liftoff the space shuttle Challenger explodes, killing size astronauts and a New Hampshire teacher.
93 1989 An asteroid comes relatively close to colliding with the earth
94 1990 Hubble Space Telescope launched; optical defect discovered and repaired later in 1993.
98 1994 The world watches comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 (S-L 9) colliding with Jupiter
12 1908 NEWS HEADLINES: Henry Ford produces the first Model T automobile
16 1912 White residents of Forsyth County, GA, drive the black population out.
17 1913 NEWS HEADLINES: Edison invents motion pictures
21 1917 NEWS HEADLINES: In June, the United States enters World War I on the side of the allies. The Russian Revolution ends the reign of the czars and thrusts Russia into communism.
23 1919 NEWS HEADLINES: World War I ends with the signing of The Versailles Treaty.
42 1938 NEWS HEADLINES: Orson Wells' radio production of H.G. Well's War of the Worlds causes a national panic.
43 1939 NEWS HEADLINES: The first regular television broadcast happens in the United States
45 1941 NEWS HEADLINES: December 7, 1941 -- Japan launches a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor and the US officially declares war on Japan the following day. World War II begins for American soldiers.
54 1950 NEWS HEADLINES: On June 25, the Korean War begins and the United Nations officially declaring war on North Korea two days later.
59 1955 NEWS HEADLINES: Rosa Parks refuses to give her seat to a white man on a bus in Montgomery, AL.
64 1960 NEWS HEADLINES: The first birth control pill was approved and made available to the public
67 1963 NEWS HEADLINES: On November 22, President John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, Texas by Lee Harvey Oswald.
73 1969 NEWS HEADLINES: In July, the U.S. becomes the first nation to land astronauts on the moon. Neil Armstrong becomes the first man to step on the lunar surface.
74 1970 NEWS HEADLINES: U.S. forces invade Cambodia and the Vietnam War continues to escalate. Janis Joplin and Jimi Hendrix die of drug overdoses. Four Kent State University students are killed during a Vietnam War protest.
81 1977 NEWS HEADLINES: Star Wars is released and becomes the biggest ticket selling movie of all time.
88 1984 NEWS HEADLINES: The first Macintosh computer with a mouse is launched and begins the computer age as it is shortly followed by the first PC and Microsoft.
96 1992 NEWS HEADLINES: The "World Wide Web" (Internet) became available for home use through college and university sponsored "freenets".
10 1906 The first Nebraska automobile license plates are purchased following passage of a law that requires each vehicle to be registered with the Secretary of State. A total of 571 owners register their vehicles.
12 1908 A total of 4,200 automobiles have been registered with the Secretary of State.
22 1918 Cases of the "flu" appeared in Lincoln and Omaha as early as September, and rapidly spread across the state. The disease came on suddenly, with a fever and profuse perspiration. Soon the victim was overcome by weakness. Death often came within 24 hours. As the flu spread, doctors and nurses were in short supply. By October, the Nebraska State Board of Health issued an order closing public meetings, schools, churches, theaters, and all kinds of entertainment. Mail carriers continued on their rounds, but wore white face masks for protection. After three weeks, the schools were reopened. Teachers and pupils were required to wear masks. The epidemic was deadly. In Omaha alone there were 974 deaths between October 5 and December 31. Merchants sustained heavy losses from light Christmas trade. The "Spanish influenza" of 1918 brought sorrow and suffering to almost every Nebraska community.
49 1945 Nebraska becomes known as the "Cornhusker State".
13 1909 The National Association for Advancement of Colored People is formed (NAACP)
14 1910 Boy Scout and Girl Scout Organizations are introduced in America and the concept of a "week end" meaning time off from regular work begins to take root. The British Empire covers 1/5th of the world land area.
31 1927 Charles Lindbergh becomes the first man to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean and Babe Ruth hits 60 home runs.
33 1929 Widespread prosperity of the 1920s ends abruptly with the stock market crash in October
34 1930 Drought in the Great Plains area begins, creating hardship for farm families in 19 states.
36 1932 Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. The infant son of Charles Lindbergh is kidnapped and murdered.
37 1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected president under his "New Deal" campaign. Frances Perkins becomes the first woman to hold a cabinet post when FDR appoints her secretary of labor. On December 5, the 21st Amendment is added to the Constitution, repealing Prohibition. Drinks for everyone!
38 1934 Congress passes the Indian Reorganization Act which allows remaining Indian tribes to reorganize.
38 1934 Farm families must leave the dust bowl-stricken Great Plains areas. The dust bowl includes areas in Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Nevada and Arkansas. Radio picks up the "Okie" songs. In all, 400,000 people leave the Great Plains.
39 1935 Congress passes the Social Security Act, giving elder Americans Social Security money for the first time.
43 1939 Hollywood releases The Wizard of Oz, one of the first films to be made in color.
47 1943 Japanese Americans are relocated to internment camps; Almost 400,000 coal miners go on strike; Race riots break out in Los Angeles and Detroit.
48 1944 On June 6, Allied forces invade Normandy (referred to as "D-Day")
49 1945 President Roosevelt dies; The United Nations is established; the first atomic bomb is dropped on Hiroshima.
58 1954 The nationally televised McCarthy hearings lead to Senator Joseph McCarthy's downfall; Segregation by race in schools is declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court; Congress adds the words "under God" to the Pledge of Allegiance and requires "In God We Trust" to appear on all American currency.
66 1962 The Cuban missile crisis escalates and Americans prepare for a Nuclear War with Fidel Castro in Cuba.
70 1966 The Black Panther party is founded.
71 1967 Martin Luther King leads an anti Vietnam protest in New York; The American Indian Movement is founded; Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King are assassinated; Three Apollo astronauts are killed in a fire on the launch pad.
75 1971 Charles Manson is found guilt of murder.
76 1972 Break-in at the Democratic headquarters sets of the Watergate Scandal.
77 1973 The Vietnam War peace pacts were signed in Paris and the last of the American forces finally leave Vietnam.
81 1977 Jimmy Carter, a Democrat from GA, is elected president.
85 1981 Ronald Reagan is elected president. He will serve two terms. (Republican)
91 1987 January 24 - approximately 20,000 protesters march through Cummings, Georgia in all White Forsyth County.
91 1987 President Reagan and Soviet leader Gorbachev meet in Washington and sign an agreement calling for the dismantling of all Soviet and US missiles.
93 1989 George Bush is elected president. (Republican)
97 1993 Bill Clinton is elected president. He will serve two terms. (Democrat)
98 1994 O.J. Simpson is chased down by police and later his trial is telecast for the world to watch.
13 1909 The "Piltdown Man" hoax -- a fake archeological discovery announced by dishonest scientists who wanted to "prove" that human beings had evolved in Europe
18 1914 World War I - Following the crisis touched off by the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria in Sarajevo, Germany declared war on Russia and additional countries joined the war within several days.
21 1917 Germany uses airplanes to drop bombs in the early stages of World War I -- the first major military use of airplanes.
23 1919 The Versailles Treaty marks the official end of World War I.
24 1920 Adolph Hitler begins to organize the Nazi party in Germany; The Ku Klux Klan launches a recruitment campaign using mass marketing techniques to gain 85,000 new recruits; the first commercial broadcast is made.
42 1938 Hitler annexes Anschluss into Germany. At the Munich Conference, Germany is given a portion of Czechoslovakia.
43 1939 Hitler takes over all of Czechoslovakia. On Sept. 1st, Germany invades Poland. On Sept. 3rd, Great Britain and France declare war on Germany. World War II has begun.
49 1945 World War II ends with a Japanese delegation signing instrument of surrender aboard battleship Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
93 1989 The Berlin Wall falls uniting communist East Germany and capitalistic West Germany
94 1990 Iraq (Sadam Hussein) invades Kuwait causing the U.N. to impose sanctions. This leads to the Gulf War.
96 1992 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is formed.
97 1993 South Africa accepts racial equality.
100 1996 Pope John Paul II affirmed evolution by natural selection

James Norton
Born about 1893 and died about 1993
Click for more information about James Norton.
Frank Gillette
Born on an unknown day in February 1880 and died about 1980
Click for more information about Frank Gillette.

The Children of Hilma Whitehair

Alyce Vivian Norton
Born in Omaha, Nebraska on September 14, 1912 and died in Sawyer County, Wisconsin on May 26, 1998. She was 85 years old.

She married three times: Jesse Davis, ? Newell, and Harry Shomo. She also worked as a waitress. Burial at Greenwood Cemetery, Hayward, Wisconsin....
Click for more information about Alyce Norton.
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