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James  English 



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James English
1770 - 1870
James English was born about 1770 in an unknown place and died in an unknown year somewhere in Georgia. Dates for birth and death are estimated.

Much controversy exists regarding the parents of Elizabeth English Ward. Who was her father? Was Elizabeth adopted by a white family? Much research has been conducted by many researchers and still this mystery continues.

Many think she was adopted by James English (1776-1861).
Census8/7/1820 GA (Wilkinson County) 50 yrs old 
This information, while true, may NOT apply to our James English.   page 15, line 15 -William English: one Male - (16 thru 25), one Male - (45 and over), three Females - 10 thru 15), one Female - (45 and over)
also on page -line 26 -James English : one Males - (Under 10) one Males - (16 thru 25) one Females - (16 thru 25)

on page 19 -James Ward 
Additional information about Wilkinson County, GA around 1820: Created in 1803 from newly acquired lands ceded by the Creek Indians in 1802 and increased in 1805. Later, this area is divided to form Laurens, Telfair, and Twiggs counties. 
Other2/24/1837 GA (Decatur County) 67 yrs old 
James M. Baker and Nicy English appoint James Ward of Dale County Alabama, to sell/administer their share of the estate of James English. The estate was drawn up as Lot #155 (202.5 acres) in the 19th District of Early County GA (which became Decatur County in 1832). The actual language of the document says "convey our share or proportion being, one half part as the heirs of James English deceased". This could be interpeted to mean James Baker and Nicy English each own 1/2 of the estate -- which would mean they are the only two survivors. Or, it could mean the two of them together own 1/2 of the estate and someone else owns the other half of the estate. 
Other11/18/1837 GA (Decatur County) 67 yrs old 
John Rodgers pays $100 for Lot #155 owned by James English. James and Elizabeth Ward, orphan and heirs of James English, acknowledge this sale as being completed.  
Census1/1/1850 AL (Dale County) 80 yrs old 
This information, while true, may NOT apply to our James English.  James English- Agricultural Census - Acres of Improved Land:15, Cash Value of Farm: 45,Value of Farm Implements and Machinery: 75  

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Click on any of the News, Events, or Discoveries buttons above to see historical things that happened during James English's life. These are only some of the major events that affected the life and times of James, his family, and friends. For example, James is 3 years old when Angered by the tea tax of 1767 and the British East India Company's monopoly on tea trade, the independent New England colonial merchants dump the precious cargo overboard into the Boston harbor. This incident is called the Boston Tea Party.
3 1773 Debts the Creeks and Cherokee owe to Georgians are assumed by the state in payment for the land. This includes a small portion of North Georgia.
12 1782 The British evacuate Savannah on in July.
14 1784 Franklin and Washington Counties are formed.
15 1785 Burbon County formed.
16 1786 Greene County was created the same year Oglethorpe dies.
18 1788 Bourbon County Act rescinded.
19 1789 December 21 - Governor Telfair signs first Yazoo Act selling 20,000,000 acres of and for $207,000 or about one cent per acre to. The Yazoo Companies attempted to pay in worthless paper money and Georgia refuses to transfer the land. The Virginia Yazoo, headed by Patrick Henry, even had the unmitigated gall to attempt to pay in worthless Georgia paper money. The South Carolina Yazoo Company sues Georgia in the U.S. Supreme Court to compel delivery but the suit fails when Georgia is able to obtain ratification of the eleventh amendment to the U.S. Constitution on February 7, 1795.
20 1790 Alexander McGillivray, a mixed-blood of the Upper Creek Nation cedes the Altamaha lands to the Oconee. This treaty -- Treaty of New York -- is signed by President George Washington.
20 1790 Columbia and Elbert Counties are created.
23 1793 Hancock, Bryan, McIntosh, Montgomery, Oglethorpe and Warren Counties formed. This same year, the Fugitive Slave Act is passed.
24 1794 General Clarke surrenders ending the Oconee War.
25 1795 Governor Mathews signs the Second Yazoo Act selling somewhere between 35,000,000 and 50,000,000 acres of land for $500,000.
31 1801 Clarke and Tatnall Counties formed.
32 1802 Georgia formally cedes western claims for its southern boundary at the 31st parallel -- which will become a border between,GA, FL and AL. GA's western border reaches to the Mississippi River.
33 1803 Between 1803 and 1811 a horse trail is established connecting Milledgeville, Georgia to Fort Stoddert, American outpost north of Mobile. This is expanded into a road and called The Federal Road by 1811.
37 1807 December 10 - Jasper, Jones, Laurens, Morgan, Putnam, and Telfair Counties formed.
38 1808 Pulaski County created.
39 1809 Twiggs County formed.
41 1811 Madison County created.
41 1811 Tecumseh visits the Creek Indians living in what will become Georgia and Alabama to try to persuade them to join his fight against the flood of white settlers. Some towns join forces with Tecumseh and become known as "Red Sticks".
42 1812 Emanual County formed.
42 1812 The Creek tribes in southern Alabama and Georgia find themselves under increasing pressure from white settlers. Led by Chief Weatherford, they accepted an alliance with Tecumseh and are nicknamed "Red Sticks".
43 1813 During 1813-14, Muskogee-speaking Creeks leave GA and move into areas in Northern FL in response to the Creek Civil War (also known as the Red-sticks War).
47 1817 First Seminole war begins as Georgia backwoodsmen attack Indians just north of the Florida border. !817-1818. General Andrew Jackson invades the area.
49 1819 Rabun County formed.
50 1820 December 20 - Campbell and Randolph Counties formed.
51 1821 May 15 - Dooly, Fayette, Henry, Houston, Monroe and Newton Counties formed.
52 1822 December 9 - Bibb, Dekalb and Pike Counties formed.
53 1823 December 8 - Decatur County formed.
54 1824 December 15 - Upson and Ware Counties formed.
55 1825 Baker, Lowndes, Thomas, Butts and Taliaferro Counties formed.
56 1826 January 24 - Treaty of Washington abrogates Treaty of Indian Springs. The Creeks cede a smaller area and are allowed to remain on their lands until January 1, 1826.
57 1827 December 14, - Harris, Marion, Meriwether and Talbot.
60 1830 Cherokee, Heard, and Stewrt Counties are formed.
61 1831 Sumter County is formed.
62 1832 December 3 - Bartow, Cobb, Crawford, Floyd, Forsyth, Gilmer, Lumpkin, Murray, Paulding, and Union Counties formed.
63 1833 Walker County is formed.
66 1836 Seminoles massacre Major Francis L. Dade and his 103 man command. This starts the second Seminole War. February - Battle of Hitchity. March 27 - Colonel J.W. Fannin and his Georgian's executed by order of Santa Ana at Goliad on Palm Sunday. July - Battle of Brushy Creek. July 3 - Battle of Chickasawachee Swamp. July 27 - Battle of Echowanochaway Creek.
67 1837 Mcon and Dade Counties are formed.
68 1838 Chattooga County formed
77 1847 Atlanta, Georgia is incorporated. Formally Marthasville
80 1850 Gordon and Clinch Counties are formed.
81 1851 Clay, Howell, Polk, Spalding, and Whitfield Counties are formed.
82 1852 Taylor County formed.
83 1853 Catoosa, Pickens, Hart, Dougherty, Webster, Flton, and Worth Counties aare creaated.
84 1854 Fannin, Coffee, Chattahooche, Charlton, and Calhoun Counties formed.
86 1856 Haralson, Terrell, Berrien, Colquit, Miller, and Towns Counties formed.
87 1857 Dawson, Milton, Pierce, Glascock, Mitchell, Schley, White, and Wilcox Counties formed.
88 1858 Clayton, Quitman, Banks, Brooks, Johnson, and Echols Counties formed.
100 1870 Douglas, McDuffie, Rockdale, and Dodge Counties formed.
7 1777 The concept of chemical compounds is conceived by Lavoisier
13 1783 The hot air balloon is invented by Michel and Montgolfier and the first people in modern history fly at an altitude of 1800 m.
15 1785 The power loom was invented by Cartwright to produce cloth.
23 1793 The cotton gin was invented by Whitney.
29 1799 The Rosetta Stone was discovered
30 1800 The first battery was invented by Volta
37 1807 The first steamboat was invented by Fulton
44 1814 The first locomotive engine was created by Stephenson
60 1830 The first railroad is constructed between Liverpool and Manchester, England
69 1839 Goodyear invents vulcanized rubber, opening the door for tires and other rubber products.
74 1844 The first telegraph message is sent by Morse, who later invents the Mores Code
83 1853 The process of creating steel is invented by Besermer in Britain and Kelly in the U.S.
86 1856 The first Neanderthal fossils are found near Germany
89 1859 Charles Darwin publishes "Origin of Species" and begins the evolution theory.
95 1865 Mendel publishes his papers on genetics and introduces the concept to the public.
99 1869 Cro-magnon Man fossils are found in France
5 1775 NEWS HEADLINES: On April 18th, Paul Revere makes his famous ride proclaiming "The British are Coming" and the American Revolution War begins. Britain hires 29,000 German mercenaries to handle conflict in North America.
6 1776 NEWS HEADLINES: July 4th, American Revolution War ends and the United States of America is officially created.
30 1800 NEWS HEADLINES: Seat of U.S. government moves from Philadelphia to Washington DC
41 1811 NEWS HEADLINES: Tecumseh's emerging Indian Confederacy is defeated at the Battle of Tippecanoe in Ohio. Afterwards, Tecumseh and his brother travel from their Shawnee homes in the north to recruit and unify the southern Indians.
42 1812 NEWS HEADLINES: War of 1812 begins and will continue for until 1814. Some call it the Second War of Independence because the US fights Great Britain to a stalemate, Americas independence was assured.
58 1828 Gold is discovered in Georgia.
64 1834 July 9 - The S.S. John Randolph, the first successful iron steamship, is launched in Savannah
91 1861 NEWS HEADLINES: American Civil war begins at Ft. Sumter, located in Charleston Harbor, VA.
92 1862 NEWS HEADLINES: May 20, 1862 the US government passes the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for settlement of lower Southeast and West.
3 1773 Angered by the tea tax of 1767 and the British East India Company's monopoly on tea trade, the independent New England colonial merchants dump the precious cargo overboard into the Boston harbor. This incident is called the Boston Tea Party.
4 1774 The First Continental Congress of fifty-five representatives (except from the colony of Georgia) meets in Philadelphia to discuss relations with Britain, the possibility of independence, and the hope of a peaceful solution. King George III scorns the thought of reconciliation and declares the colonies to be in a state of open rebellion.
5 1775 On April 18th, Paul Revere makes his famous ride proclaiming "The British are Coming" and the American Revolution War begins. Britain hires 29,000 German mercenaries to handle conflict in North America.
6 1776 July 4th, American Revolution War ends and the United States of America is officially created.
8 1778 Alliance between United States and France
17 1787 Constitution of the United States is signed
23 1793 Alexander McGillivray, the head of the Creek Indian Nation, dies. A restlessness begins to grow among the Indians in what is now Georgia, Alabama and Northern Florida as town chiefs via for the vacant leadership role.
24 1794 The United States establishes the Navy
28 1798 Mississippi Territory organized from Georgia's western land claims. It includes what will later become portions of Mississippi, Alabama and Northern Florida,
33 1803 Louisiana Purchase from France (who secured it from Spain) gives the US a huge new territory and the port of New Orleans.
34 1804 The Seminole warrior later known as Osceola is born near Tuskegee, AL.
35 1805 Federal Road project begins after the Creek Indians give the U.S. permission to develop a “horse path” through their nation that will provide better mail delivery between Washington City (DC) and New Orleans. Soon settlers are traveling and settling along this path to settle the southern frontier.
36 1806 Lewis and Clark Expedition, which began in 1804, ends. News of the rich lands to the west begins to spread.
41 1811 By 1811 the new "Federal Road" (which started as a horse path) is filled with a steady flow of white settlers into Creek Indian Territories. The Spanish begin to fan hostile sentiments among the Indians.
50 1820 The Act of April 24, 1820 abolished the land purchase credit system, fixed the price of public lands at $1.25 per acre, and set the minimum purchase at 80 acres. After a person purchased land, a final certificate was issued by the land office and sent to Washington DC to be verified and signed by the President -- a time consuming process. Public lands were most typically available through US treaties with Indians who agreed to be removed from their homelands.
60 1830 Indian Removal Act signed and the moving of eastern Indians west of the Mississippi begins.
65 1835 Second Seminole Indian War begins.
67 1837 The trickery used to capture Seminole Indian Chief Osceola (Assi Yohola) creates a public uproar and U.S. General Jesup is publicly condemned.
70 1840 Oregon Trail is established
72 1842 Second Seminole Indian War ends and thousands of Seminole Indians are forced to move west of the Mississippi.
85 1855 Third Seminole Indian War begins. It ends three years later when Chief Billy Bowlegs and his band are forced to move from Florida.
90 1860 Presidential election puts Abraham Lincoln in office. The campaign has heated the issues regarding slavery in the south.
92 1862 May 20, 1862 the US government passes the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for settlement of lower Southeast and West.
93 1863 Abraham Lincoln issues the "Emancipation Proclamation" freeing slaves.
95 1865 American Civil war ends with General Lee's surrender at Appomattox, VA. Reconstruction begins in the "old South"
98 1868 An eight-hour work day is established for federal employees.
9 1779 Spain declares war on England
10 1780 Josef II abolishes serfdom in Hungary; England declares war on Holland
13 1783 Peace established at Versailles between France, England, Spain and United States; Britain cedes all lands west to the Mississippi River
17 1787 Catherine the Great leads Russia into war with Turkey
18 1788 Russia begins war with Sweden
19 1789 French feudal system is abolished with the Declaration of Rights of Man. Outbreak of hostilities in France with the fall of the Bastille on July 14; Revolution in Austrian Netherlands declares independence as Belgium
22 1792 French Revolutionary Wars begin and the French royal family is imprisoned the following year
23 1793 Marie Antoinette is executed; Fugitive Slave Act passed; Roman Catholic faith is banned in France; France declares war on Britain and Holland.
25 1795 White Terror and bread riots in Paris
26 1796 Napoleon marries Josephine de Beauharnais
27 1797 Napoleon proclaims the Venetian Constitution, founds Ligurian Republic in Genoa
63 1833 Santa Anna is elected President of Mexico

Mary Unknown (English)
Born about 1770 and died about 1870
Click for more information about Mary Unknown (English).

The Children of James English

87 years old
Elizabeth English
Born in a town near the Okmulgee River, Georgia about 1798 and died in Dale County, Alabama on December 25, 1888. She was about 91 years old.

She was Creek Indian. Her Creek name was Nvhokv and pronounced (Nahoga / Nuh-ho-quh). Some of her descendants were told she belonged to the Harjo-Boggas parrot band of Creek Indians, however, this has...
Click for more information about Elizabeth English.
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