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Genealogy for
James Exum Caswell 



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James Exum Caswell
1829 - 1899
James Exum Caswell was born about 1829 somewhere in Florida and died about 1899 in Walton Co., Florida. Dates for birth and death are estimated. He lived to be about 70 years old.

He married Margaret Civility Ann Walker(Jan. 1836 GA - 1902 FL). His parents were "Sills" Sylvanus Exum Caswell(born in GA) and Lucy Vaughan Caswell (born in SC).

James and Civility had children: Civility J. (1859),Isom Walker(1862),John (1862),Lucey E. (1864),Mary(1868), William(1871),Margaret(1872),Silvanious George(1874),Giles B.(1876)& Michael F. (1878).
Military9/4/1863 GA (Liberty County) 34 yrs old 
Enlisted as Private with Lt. Smith in the 20th Batt'n Georgia Cavalry, Company A, which later became Company D of the 8th Georgia Cavalry. Detailed for special duty as wagoner and to take care of the horses. He received a bounty, or extra pay, for this detail. Film #M226, Roll #11.
On 11/7/1863 taken prisoner of war in Rappahannock, VA with the Georgia 54th Calvalry Company B. On 3/10/1864 he was exchanged and 5/10/1865 he was exchanged in Tallahassee, FL. On 5/24/1865 he was paroled. Recorded on Roll: M598_123. 
Census6/14/1880 Precinct 2 FL (Walton County) 51 yrs old 
family#9 - Evan E. Caswell (age50), Cevility Caswell (44), Cevility A. Caswell (20), John M. Caswell (18), Isom W. Caswell (17), Lucey E. Caswell (16), Sylvanies Caswell (14), Mary Caswell (12), William C. Caswell (9), Margarett Caswell (7), Micheal F. Caswell (5), Giles B. Caswell (3)& William Evans (48). Even is a farmer, Cevility keeps house, Isom & John are laborers. Even was born in AL, his father was born in GA and mother in SC. Cirie was born in GA as were her parents. Cevility A., John & Son were born in GA, others in FL.  
Additional information about Walton County, FL around 1880: Click here to see a map from this timeperiod.  
Census6/1/1885 Euchee Anna FL (Walton County) 56 yrs old 
Family# 15 - J. E. Caswell (age 55), Cirie (48),Cirie (26),John (24),Ioeme ?(male)(23),Lousa(19),Sylman(18),Polly(16),Charles(15),Margart (13), Michael (11),Burns(9). J.E. is a farmer, born in AL, his parents were born in GA. Cirie was born in GA as were her parents. Cirie, John, Ioeme & Margert were born in FL. Others in GA. 

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Click on any of the News, Events, or Discoveries buttons above to see historical things that happened during James Caswell's life. These are only some of the major events that affected the life and times of James, his family, and friends. For example, James is 1 years old when Indian Removal Act signed and the moving of eastern Indians west of the Mississippi begins.
6 1835 The Second Seminole Indian War keeps the United States and Seminoles Indians fighting in North & Central Florida.
8 1837 NEWS HEADLINES: In October, Chief Osceola of the Seminole Indians is captured when he arrives for supposed truce negotiations at Fort Payton. He is imprisoned at St. Augustine, FL where he refuses to eat and attempts to escape several times. In December he is moved to a prison in SC where he dies on January 20, 1838. At the time of his death, Osceola was the most famous American Indian.
13 1842 Second Seminole Indian War ends and some of the Seminole Indians living in FL are moved to the Indian Territory
13 1842 Congress passes the Armed Occupation Act of 1842. It entitles persons willing and able to bear arms against the Indians and establish themselves in villages along the borders of Indian territory ownership of their land after 5 years.
16 1845 Florida becomes the 27th state to join the United States. William Moseley becomes the first governor and David Yulee the first senator.
21 1850 Florida's total population has grown to 87,445. This includes about 39,000 slaves and 1,000 free blacks. Indians were not counted.
26 1855 Third Seminole Indian War begins and war breaks out with most of the battles occurring in Central Florida. It ends three years later when Chief Billy Bowlegs and his band are forced to move from Florida.
32 1861 No Floridian's voted for Lincoln during the 1860 election. On Jan. 10, 1861, Florida seceded from the U.S. and joined the Confederate States of America a few weeks later.
35 1864 Battle of Olustee is a Confederate victory. Union troops pull back
36 1865 Battle at Natural Bridge (Wakulla County) is a Confederate victory.
36 1865 May 10th -- Union troops occupy Tallahassee. While Tallahassee was the only Confederate state capital east of the Mississippi River that had not been captured, Union troops occupy the capitol following the surrender of the major Confederate armies in the east.
41 1870 During the 1870s, the remaining Seminole Indians begin establishing trading posts and other economy with local settlers.
53 1882 The Florida Central and Western Railroad Company was created. It combines the Florida Central, Jacksonville, Pensacola, and Mobile railroads.
54 1883 Three railroad companies are merged to form the Florida Transit and Penisular Railroad Company. Thee are: Florida Transit Railroad Co., Peninsular Railroad Co, and the Tropical Florida Railroad Co.
55 1884 Most railroads in Florida are passed into the hands of a single company owned and operated by a single management, under the name of The Florida Railway and Navigation Company. It has more that 500 miles of main track in operation and about 300 miles of track under construction. The longest route was the "Western Division" which ran from Tallahassee to Jacksonville - 209 miles.
1 1830 The first railroad is constructed between Liverpool and Manchester, England
10 1839 Goodyear invents vulcanized rubber, opening the door for tires and other rubber products.
15 1844 The first telegraph message is sent by Morse, who later invents the Mores Code
24 1853 The process of creating steel is invented by Besermer in Britain and Kelly in the U.S.
27 1856 The first Neanderthal fossils are found near Germany
30 1859 Charles Darwin publishes "Origin of Species" and begins the evolution theory.
36 1865 Mendel publishes his papers on genetics and introduces the concept to the public.
40 1869 Cro-magnon Man fossils are found in France
48 1877 Edison invents the phonograph permitting music and voices to be recorded and replayed.
50 1879 Edison invents the electric light bulb.
60 1889 The first calculating machine is invented and uses punch cards
66 1895 Wireless telegraph and the "antenna" are invented but it covers a very short distance.
68 1897 First ship to shore message is sent using an improved form of wireless telegraph
5 1834 July 9 - The S.S. John Randolph, the first successful iron steamship, is launched in Savannah
32 1861 NEWS HEADLINES: American Civil war begins at Ft. Sumter, located in Charleston Harbor, VA.
33 1862 NEWS HEADLINES: May 20, 1862 the US government passes the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for settlement of lower Southeast and West.
53 1882 NEWS HEADLINES: Edison creates the first large power station in New York City, making it the first place in America to have electricity.
56 1885 NEWS HEADLINES: Eastman invents the box camera. For the first time photography becomes affordable for the average citizen.
1 1830 Indian Removal Act signed and the moving of eastern Indians west of the Mississippi begins.
6 1835 Second Seminole Indian War begins.
8 1837 The trickery used to capture Seminole Indian Chief Osceola (Assi Yohola) creates a public uproar and U.S. General Jesup is publicly condemned.
11 1840 Oregon Trail is established
13 1842 Second Seminole Indian War ends and thousands of Seminole Indians are forced to move west of the Mississippi.
26 1855 Third Seminole Indian War begins. It ends three years later when Chief Billy Bowlegs and his band are forced to move from Florida.
31 1860 Presidential election puts Abraham Lincoln in office. The campaign has heated the issues regarding slavery in the south.
33 1862 May 20, 1862 the US government passes the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for settlement of lower Southeast and West.
34 1863 Abraham Lincoln issues the "Emancipation Proclamation" freeing slaves.
36 1865 American Civil war ends with General Lee's surrender at Appomattox, VA. Reconstruction begins in the "old South"
39 1868 An eight-hour work day is established for federal employees.
46 1875 Tennessee enacts Jim Crow law.
47 1876 The National League of Baseball is founded
4 1833 Santa Anna is elected President of Mexico

The Children of James Exum Caswell

John Martin Caswell
Born in Walton Co., Florida on an unknown day in January 1862 and died in Montgomery Co., Texas on February 21, 1935. He was about 73 years old.

He was married in Walton Co. FL.
Children: G. Cleveland Caswell (Nov.1888), Katie A. Caswell (Aug.1890), Mary V. Caswell (Aug. 1892) & Johnnie Caswell (April 1898).

His parents were Jam...
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