Printed from the Halley-Howard Family Photo Album

Genealogy for
Mary 'Polly' Nashville Halley 

Click for more Information about Caleb Halley.
Caleb Joshua Halley
5/15/1834 - 6/6/1909

Mary Elizabeth Franklin
11/13/1844 - 10/17/1918
Click for more Information about Mary Franklin.

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About Mary 'Polly' Nashville Halley
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Mary 'Polly' Nashville Halley
1/4/1872 - 1/27/1960
(Shown at age 78)
Mary 'Polly' Nashville Halley was born on January 4, 1872 in Blountstown, Florida and died on January 27, 1960 in Blountstown, Florida. She lived to be 88 years old.

Married 9/19/1889 in Blountstown, FL to William Jesse Spears.
Dora B. (10/1892)
Laura E. Spears (5/1895)
Leola Spears (7/1897)-married Clearance William Hansford
Chelly Spears (1904)
John Spears (4/29/1906 - 12/14/1984)
Joseph Spears (1908)
Charlie Spears (1911)
Census6/12/1880 Abe Springs FL (Calhoun County) 8 yrs old 
Starting on line 1: Caleb Holley (age 45, born in AL and both parents in NC), Mary (age 36, wife, she and parents were born in GA), Nancy (age 15, daughter), John (age 12, son), Mary (age 8, daughter), Pierce (age 6, son), Susan (age 4, daughter), Gadsden (age 2, son), Cehas (age 1 month, son). All of the children report that they were born in FL, father in AL, mother in GA. Mary (wife) and the younger children indicate they cannot read or write. 
Additional information about Calhoun County, FL around 1880: Blountstown was declared the seat of Calhoun County in 1880. Prior to that, Abe Springs had been the county seat. Click here to see a map from this timeperiod.  
Census6/1/1885 FL (Calhoun County) 13 yrs old 
Florida State Census, Dwelling Number 153/Family #169: Caleb Halley (age 52), Mary (age 35), Jno (age 16), Nancy (age 19), Porlier (age 15), Price (age 13), Susan (age 10), Gaddis (age 9), Charlie (age 7), and Emma (age 3). Caleb is a farmer and says he was born in Alabama and the birth place of both parents is unknown. Mary was born in Florida and both parents in GA. All of the children were born in FL. 
Additional information about Calhoun County, FL around 1885: The principle towns in Calhoun County were Blountstown, Marysville, Chipola, Selman, Ocheesee, and Abe Springs. In 1884 railroads in Florida were bought out by one company and placed under central management. River Junction, located at the junction of the Chattahoochee and Flint Rivers, is the closest railroad and the primary hub of land transports. The photo on the right shows the iron bridge than spans the Chattahoochee River about a mile from the Depot at River Junction where wharves, storage, steamboats and hotels bussel with activity. Click the photo for a larger view. Click here to see a map from this timeperiod.
Marriage9/19/1889 Blountstown FL (Calhoun County) 17 yrs old 
page 169: William Spears to Mary N. Halley to Sept. 19, 1889  
Census6/1/1900 Hansford Mill FL (Calhoun County) 28 yrs old 
Dweling# 519 household#619- William Spears (36-Dec.1863), Mary N. Spears (26-Jan. 1874), Dora B. Spears (7- Oct. 1892), Laura E. Spears (5 -May 1895), Leola Spears (2-July 1897)& Mary M. Spears (5mo. born Dec.1899).William & Mary have been married 10 years. Mary has had four children all living. All born in FL.  
Additional information about Calhoun County, FL around 1900: The first automobile, nick-named Chicken Killer, arrives in Blountstown in 1905. The photo on the right shows The Chicken Killer. Click the photo for a larger view. Click here to see a map from this timeperiod.
Census1/16/1920 Hansford Mill, Blountstown FL (Calhoun County) 48 yrs old 
Line #70 - William Spears (age 57), Mary Spears (47), Laura Spears (24), Lee Spears (22), Chelly Spears (16), John Spears (13), Joseph Spears (11), Charlie Spears (8), Leonard Lewis (7)(grandson)& Decar Lewis (6)(grandson)Dan Lewis (24),Artow Lewis (19),. All were born in FL, as were their parents. William states he is a farmer on the family farm. All can read & write, except Leonard & Decar.  
Graveyard/Tombstone1/27/1960 Blountstown FL (Calhoun County) 88 yrs old 
Nettle Ridge Cemetery. - Mary N. Spears -1/4/1872 to 1/27/1960. Sec. 1, lot 16.  Source:

Live and Times
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Click on any of the News, Events, or Discoveries buttons above to see historical things that happened during Mary 'Polly' Halley's life. These are only some of the major events that affected the life and times of Mary 'Polly', her family, and friends. For example, Mary 'Polly' is 3 years old when Tennessee enacts Jim Crow law.
10 1882 The Florida Central and Western Railroad Company was created. It combines the Florida Central, Jacksonville, Pensacola, and Mobile railroads.
11 1883 Three railroad companies are merged to form the Florida Transit and Penisular Railroad Company. Thee are: Florida Transit Railroad Co., Peninsular Railroad Co, and the Tropical Florida Railroad Co.
12 1884 Most railroads in Florida are passed into the hands of a single company owned and operated by a single management, under the name of The Florida Railway and Navigation Company. It has more that 500 miles of main track in operation and about 300 miles of track under construction. The longest route was the "Western Division" which ran from Tallahassee to Jacksonville - 209 miles.
34 1906 An attempt to drain the Everglades and convert it to farmland begins.
45 1917 Seminole Indians become a Florida tourist attraction.
56 1928 The Tamiami Trail opens. It opens the southernmost 275 miles of U.S. Highway 41 from State Road 60 in Tampa to U.S. Route 1 (SR 5) in Miami, Florida to tourist. It also destroys many of the Seminole Indian waterways and hinders their economy.
85 1957 The Miccosukee Tribe of Florida is organized under the 1934 US Indian Reorganization Act and recognized by the federal government.
5 1877 Edison invents the phonograph permitting music and voices to be recorded and replayed.
7 1879 Edison invents the electric light bulb.
17 1889 The first calculating machine is invented and uses punch cards
23 1895 Wireless telegraph and the "antenna" are invented but it covers a very short distance.
25 1897 First ship to shore message is sent using an improved form of wireless telegraph
28 1900 The cause of yellow fever is discovered. It is proven that the fever is spread by mosquitoes. This rallies an effort to provide better mosquito control.
28 1900 Freud publishes his book "The Interpretation of Dreams"
29 1901 First transatlantic wireless telegraph is sent.
30 1902 The first Tyrannosaurus Rex fossil is discovered.
31 1903 Wright Brothers complete the first successful flight with an airplane at Kitty Hawk
32 1904 The first vacuum tube diode is invented by Fleming
34 1906 Electrons are discovered by Thomson
34 1906 The triode vacuum tube is invented
34 1906 Kellogg sells the first box of Corn Flakes
40 1912 The unsinkable Titanic sinks on its first trip to New York drowning 1,513 people.
41 1913 Ford builds the first assembly line into his automobile production plant
42 1914 The first traffic lights (which is only red or green) are put up in America; Construction of the Panama Canal is completed
51 1923 Diphtheria vaccine is developed; Insulin is produced to treat diabetes
51 1923 Freud publishes "The Ego and the Id"
52 1924 Insecticides are used for the first time on crops
54 1926 Goddard launched the first liquid-fueled rocket
55 1927 The first television transmission was announced in England
56 1928 Big bang theory was introduced
64 1936 The first regular television broadcast happens in England
66 1938 Hahn, Strassmann, Meitner and Frisch discover nuclear fission
74 1946 The university of Pennsylvania develops the ENIAC computer, containing 18,000 vacuum tubes
75 1947 Researches at Bell Labs invent the first transistor
79 1951 The first color television is introduced in the U.S.
80 1952 The first sex-change surgery was performed to change George Jorgensen into Christine Jorgensen.
85 1957 Sputnik is launched by the Soviets and becomes the first artificial satellite to orbit the earth. It marks the beginning of the great "space race" between the Soviet Union and the U.S.
88 1960 The ruby laser was created by Maiman
10 1882 NEWS HEADLINES: Edison creates the first large power station in New York City, making it the first place in America to have electricity.
13 1885 NEWS HEADLINES: Eastman invents the box camera. For the first time photography becomes affordable for the average citizen.
36 1908 NEWS HEADLINES: Henry Ford produces the first Model T automobile
40 1912 White residents of Forsyth County, GA, drive the black population out.
41 1913 NEWS HEADLINES: Edison invents motion pictures
45 1917 NEWS HEADLINES: In June, the United States enters World War I on the side of the allies. The Russian Revolution ends the reign of the czars and thrusts Russia into communism.
47 1919 NEWS HEADLINES: World War I ends with the signing of The Versailles Treaty.
66 1938 NEWS HEADLINES: Orson Wells' radio production of H.G. Well's War of the Worlds causes a national panic.
67 1939 NEWS HEADLINES: The first regular television broadcast happens in the United States
69 1941 NEWS HEADLINES: December 7, 1941 -- Japan launches a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor and the US officially declares war on Japan the following day. World War II begins for American soldiers.
78 1950 NEWS HEADLINES: On June 25, the Korean War begins and the United Nations officially declaring war on North Korea two days later.
83 1955 NEWS HEADLINES: Rosa Parks refuses to give her seat to a white man on a bus in Montgomery, AL.
88 1960 NEWS HEADLINES: The first birth control pill was approved and made available to the public
3 1875 Tennessee enacts Jim Crow law.
4 1876 The National League of Baseball is founded
37 1909 The National Association for Advancement of Colored People is formed (NAACP)
38 1910 Boy Scout and Girl Scout Organizations are introduced in America and the concept of a "week end" meaning time off from regular work begins to take root. The British Empire covers 1/5th of the world land area.
55 1927 Charles Lindbergh becomes the first man to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean and Babe Ruth hits 60 home runs.
57 1929 Widespread prosperity of the 1920s ends abruptly with the stock market crash in October
58 1930 Drought in the Great Plains area begins, creating hardship for farm families in 19 states.
60 1932 Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. The infant son of Charles Lindbergh is kidnapped and murdered.
61 1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected president under his "New Deal" campaign. Frances Perkins becomes the first woman to hold a cabinet post when FDR appoints her secretary of labor. On December 5, the 21st Amendment is added to the Constitution, repealing Prohibition. Drinks for everyone!
62 1934 Farm families must leave the dust bowl-stricken Great Plains areas. The dust bowl includes areas in Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Nevada and Arkansas. Radio picks up the "Okie" songs. In all, 400,000 people leave the Great Plains.
62 1934 Congress passes the Indian Reorganization Act which allows remaining Indian tribes to reorganize.
63 1935 Congress passes the Social Security Act, giving elder Americans Social Security money for the first time.
67 1939 Hollywood releases The Wizard of Oz, one of the first films to be made in color.
71 1943 Japanese Americans are relocated to internment camps; Almost 400,000 coal miners go on strike; Race riots break out in Los Angeles and Detroit.
72 1944 On June 6, Allied forces invade Normandy (referred to as "D-Day")
73 1945 President Roosevelt dies; The United Nations is established; the first atomic bomb is dropped on Hiroshima.
82 1954 The nationally televised McCarthy hearings lead to Senator Joseph McCarthy's downfall; Segregation by race in schools is declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court; Congress adds the words "under God" to the Pledge of Allegiance and requires "In God We Trust" to appear on all American currency.
37 1909 The "Piltdown Man" hoax -- a fake archeological discovery announced by dishonest scientists who wanted to "prove" that human beings had evolved in Europe
42 1914 World War I - Following the crisis touched off by the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria in Sarajevo, Germany declared war on Russia and additional countries joined the war within several days.
45 1917 Germany uses airplanes to drop bombs in the early stages of World War I -- the first major military use of airplanes.
47 1919 The Versailles Treaty marks the official end of World War I.
48 1920 Adolph Hitler begins to organize the Nazi party in Germany; The Ku Klux Klan launches a recruitment campaign using mass marketing techniques to gain 85,000 new recruits; the first commercial broadcast is made.
66 1938 Hitler annexes Anschluss into Germany. At the Munich Conference, Germany is given a portion of Czechoslovakia.
67 1939 Hitler takes over all of Czechoslovakia. On Sept. 1st, Germany invades Poland. On Sept. 3rd, Great Britain and France declare war on Germany. World War II has begun.
73 1945 World War II ends with a Japanese delegation signing instrument of surrender aboard battleship Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
Family Snapshots
Mary Halley
Mary Halley
The Halley Family
The Halley Family
Mary and Pollie
Mary and Pollie
The Halleys
The Halleys

William Spears
Born on December 12, 1862 and died on March 18, 1922.
They were married 9/19/1889.

Click for more information about William Spears.

The Children of Mary 'Polly' Nashville Halley

Joseph Edward Spears
Born in Calhoun County, on November 17, 1908 and died in Tallahassee, Leon County, on June 16, 1989. He was 80 years old.

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Charlie Dozier Spears
Born in Blountstown, Florida on August 8, 1911 and died in Tallahassee, Florida on April 16, 1988. He was 76 years old.

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